After fronting the Sex Pistols John Lydon formed post-punk originators Public Image Ltd in 1978. "PiL" continued until 1992 with a shifting line-up and unique sound which saw them fuse Rock, Dance, Folk, Pop and Dub.
Widely regarded as one of the most innovative bands of all time their music and vision earned them 5 UK Top 20 Singles and 5 UK Top 20 Albums.
John Lydon resurrected the band in 2009 together with former members Lu Edmonds (Guitar & Misc) and Bruce Smith (Drums), plus 2009 recruit Scott Firth (Bass). They released a new studio album 'This Is PiL' in 2012.
See timeline below for further information…
John Lydon forms Public Image with Keith Levene (guitar), Jah Wobble (bass), and Jim Walker (drums).
The band sign to Virgin Records and release their debut single 'Public Image' in October, followed by the album 'Public Image - First Issue' in December. Barely six months after forming.
PiL (Public Image Limited) play their first UK shows on Christmas Day and Boxing Day.
Jim Walker leaves to be replaced by a succession of drummers, most notably Richard Dudanski then Martin Atkins.
Release of the second single 'Death Disco'. Written by John Lydon to his dying mother.
'Metal Box' is released: 12 tracks on three separate 12" records – playing at 45 rpm – housed in a limited edition metal canister.
PiL play their first US shows and also appear on 'American Bandstand'. John Lydon brings the audience on stage to dance and mime to 'Poptones' and 'Careering'.
Jah Wobble leaves. Jeannette Lee – who had worked behind the scenes – takes a more prominent, but still non-musical, role.
Release of live album 'Paris Au Printemps'. Recorded live in Paris, January 17th and 18th, 1980. 'Metal Box' is re-released as 'Second Edition' in a cardboard sleeve.
Release of third studio album 'Flowers of Romance'. Preceded by the single.
PiL play a special show at New York, The Ritz. They perform behind a huge video screen. The audience riots.
PiL decide to relocate to New York from London due to logistics and Police harassment.
Drummer Martin Atkins rejoins, followed by bassist Pete Jones.
Recording begins in New York on what will be the 4th PiL studio album.
US and Canadian live shows.
Pete Jones leaves. Keith Levene leaves.
PiL play a short Japanese tour. John Lydon is the only founder member still in the band. With the exception of Martin Atkins, the line-up is largely unknown local New Jersey musicians hired for the shows. A live album from the tour is released.
Release of 'This Is Not A Love Song'. PiL's biggest UK hit single; peaking at Number 5. Followed by the first real UK and European tours.
'This Is What You Want… This Is What You Get' album is released, preceded by 'Bad Life' single. The album contains re-recorded material from the 1982 NY sessions; including 'This Is Not A Love Song'.
New live line-up is recruited for North American, Japanese and Australian tours.
John Lydon – now the only PiL member – releases his first single outside the band. Time Zone: 'World Destruction' with Africa Bambaataa.
Release of 'Album' album. Recorded with producer Bill Laswell and various session musicians; including Ginger Baker, Steve Vai, and Ryuichi Sakamoto. 'Rise' from the album peaks at Number 11 in the UK charts.
A new PiL band is recruited: John McGeoch (guitar), Allan Dias (bass), Lu Edmonds (keyboards / guitar) and Bruce Smith (drums).
UK, European and North American tours.
The "new" PiL release their first album together 'Happy?'.
Release of the single's 'Seattle' and 'The Body'.
UK, European and North American Tours, plus first ever South American shows.
PiL headline the first day of the 'Rock Summer Festival' in Tallinn, Estonia (USSR) playing to over 120,000 people. The biggest rock festival to be played behind the Iron Curtain.
Lu Edmonds is forced to quit the band due to health problems.
Release of '9'. The 7th PiL studio album. And the 9th album including the two live albums.
PiL – along with New Order and The Sugarcubes (featuring Bjork) – tour North America.The three band package tour – known as 'Monsters of Alternative Rock' – is a forerunner to the now famous Lollapalooza tours of the early nineties.
Australian Tour. And one-off UK show at London, Hammersmith.
Bruce Smith leaves.
'The Greatest Hits So Far' compilation album is released; including several 12" mixes and remixes, plus the new track 'Don't Ask Me'.
'Don't Ask Me' becomes PiL's biggest UK hit single since 'Rise'.
PiL – Lydon, McGeoch and Dias – release 'That What Is Not'. The band are complemented by sessions players.
EMI Records take over Virgin Records. PiL leave the label.
North American package tour with BAD, Live and Blind Melon. Followed by UK, European and South American Tours, plus more US shows. Allan Dias leaves during European shows.
John Lydon announces he has put PiL on hiatus to concentrate on recording a solo album; and to complete his autobiography. He also releases the 'Open Up' collaboration single with Leftfield.
John Lydon releases the solo album 'Psycho's Path'. His first album outside PiL since the band was formed.
Release of limited edition 4 CD PiL box set 'Plastic Box'. 64 tracks in total. Including sleevenotes from John Lydon: "This collection represents a comma not a full stop, I fully intend to carry on with PiL,and there will be more in the future…"
PiL guitarist John McGeoch dies aged just 48.
Release of John Lydon compilation CD 'Best of British £1 Notes' covering his whole career from the Sex Pistols, through PiL, to solo records and collaborations.
The DVD release features several PiL promo videos and also includes 3 previously unreleased extended audio mixes from 'Metal Box'.
A vinyl replica of 'Metal Box' – 3x45rpm, housed in a metal can – is released in the USA by the 4 Men With Beards re-issue label. This is the first time the album had been released in its original form in the US.
Public Image Limited return to play their first live shows in 17 years. John Lydon is joined by former PiL members Lu Edmonds (Guitar & Misc), Bruce Smith (Drums), and new recruit Scott Firth (Bass).
First North American show in 18 years; including a headlining appearance at Coachella Valley Music & Arts Festival in California. Further UK / European live dates and Festival appearances.
First ever live appearance in Israel. "I hate all Religion" PiL play for the people of Israel not the government. John Lydon later describes playing material such as 'Warrior', 'Four Enclosed Walls' and 'Religion' in Israel as one of the highlights of his career.
PiL continue into 2011, playing more UK / European live dates and Festival appearances; including the Isle of Wight Festival and Summer Sonic Festival in Japan.
PiL awarded "Outstanding Contribution To Music" at Mojo Honours List.
Band enter the studio to record their first studio album since 1992.
PiL release the studio album This is PiL to critical and public acclaim; preceded by the Record Store Day EP One Drop. The album is self-funded and released on their own PiL Official Ltd label.
Danny Boyle includes Under The House in the London Olympics Opening Ceremony.
First live UK TV appearance in 20 years on Later With Jools Holland.
First ever shows in China, along with tours of Japan and Australia.
UK / Euopean Tour including Glastonbury Festival.
First ever North American release of PiL's debut album 'First Issue' via Light in the Attic Records.
John Lydon is honoured with the BMI icon award for songwriting.